An Interagency Landowner Assistance Technical Publication, First Edition
Jeffrey W. Stringer, Department of Forestry, University of Kentucky; Jeffery Sole, Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources; David Stipes and Mason Howell, Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture; Cary Perkins, Kentucky Division of Forestry, Department of Natural Resources
Determining which financial assistance program or mix of programs is best suited for developing a cost-share plan for a landowner can sometimes be a difficult task for technical assistance providers. In Kentucky, over 50 agriculture, forestry, and wildlife conservation practices are financially supported by more than 10 programs.
Often a given practice can be funded through several programs. The large number of programs and practices and the restrictions imposed by each program make it difficult to effectively plan a financial assistance package for a landowner.
This guide provides a concise reference of approved conservation practices and programs in Kentucky. Technical assistance providers can use this guide to quickly determine:
The guide consists of two tables. Table 1 lists conservation practices supported by financial assistance programs. All the conservation practices and the supporting financial assistance programs approved for use in Kentucky are shown. Looking across a practice row will tell you not only which programs support the practice, but also whether the practice will be funded by itself or whether the practice is a component of another practice and must be implemented in conjunction with other practices.
Table 2 provides specific information about each program, including whether the funds are federal, state, or local; the type or method of payment; percent paid for by government or organization funds; and the maximum allowable payment during a given time frame. This table also provides information on any special program requirements and the availability of funds. The information in Table 2 is necessary to determine which programs represent the best deal for a landowner and how to mix the programs to achieve the best package.
For example, it is often better, for a particular practice, to obtain annual rental monies rather than cost-share monies. Also, state money can be used to satisfy matching requirements of federal programs, and therefore, a mix of programs can be used to provide monies for various practices implemented by one owner. While this guide can be used to develop a cost-share plan, the changing nature of financial assistance programs makes it necessary to constantly check with funding sources on program status and availability of funds.
A Cooperative Interagency Publication
Kentucky Division of Forestry
Cooperative Extension Service/University of Kentucky/Department of Forestry
Natural Resources Conservation Service
United States Department of Agriculture
Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources
Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet
|Table 1. Conservation practices supported by financial assistance programs.|
|Habitat Improvement Program (HIP)||Kentucky Partners for Wetland Wildlife (KPWW)||Stewardship Incentive Program (SIP)||Kentucky Soil Erosion and Water Quality Cost-Share Program||Forestry Incentives Program (FIP)||Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)||Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQUIP)||Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)||Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)||Quail Unlimited and National Wild Turkey Federation||Local Wildlife Enhancement Projects|
|Animal waste utilization||X||X|
|Contour buffer strips||X||X||X||X||X||X|
|Critical area planting||X||X||X|
|Forestland erosion control||X||X|
|Forest site preparation||X||X tree planting||X||X tree planting||X tree planting||X critical area||X||X||X|
|Grade stabilization structure||X||X||X|
|Green tree reservoir||X||X||X||X||X||X||X|
|Heavy use area||X||X|
|Integrated crop management (ICM) & nutrient pest management||X||X|
|Limited stream access for livestock||X||X||X|
|Livestock stream crossing||X||X||X|
|Livestock water (ponds-springs, pipeline-tanks)||X||X no ponds||X||X no ponds|
|Moist soil units & shallow water for wildlife||X||X||X||X||X||X||X|
|Pesticide containment facilities||X|
|Residue management, no-till tobacco & vegetables||X||X|
|Riparian area protection||X|
|Riparian forest buffer||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X||X|
|Rotational prescribed grazing||X||X|
|Site preparation for natural regeneration||X||X||X||X|
|Streambank & shoreline protection||X||X||X||X||X||X||X|
|Tree/shrub planting (not Christmas trees)||X||X||X||X||X||X||X critical area||X||X||X||X|
|Timber stand improvement (TSI)||X||X||X||X||X|
|Waste storage structure||X||X|
|Waste management system/storage||X||X|
|Waste treatment lagoon||X||X|
|Water and sediment control basin||X||X|
|Water well protection (testing, decommissioning)||X|
|Wildlife food plots||X||X||X|
|Wildlife water hole||X||X||X||X||X|
|Component: a practice that is essential to the function of another conservation practice. Not normally funded alone.|
|Table 2. Variance in Kentucky programs supporting conservation practices.1|
|Program||Financial and other factors|
|Source of Funds||Sponsoring Agency or Organization2,3||Type of Payment||Percent Paid For||Maximum Allowable Funding (Dollars)||Requirements||Fund Availability 1999/2000|
|Habitat Improvement Program (HIP)||state||KDFWR||cost share/incentive||@ 75||1,000/yr||must have a HIP plan||available|
|Kentucky Partners for Wetland Wildlife (KPWW)||state||KDFWR, NRCS, USFWS||cost share/incentive||50||5,000/yr||preference to bottomlands and wetlands||available|
|Stewardship Incentive Program (SIP)||federal||KDF, KDFWR, NRCS||cost share/incentive||50||10,000/federal fiscal yr||minimum 10 acres of land, must have a forest stewardship plan or equivalent and maintain practices for 10 years||program funding limited to carryover funds, no new allocations|
|Kentucky Soil Erosion and Water Quality Cost-Share Program||state||KDOC||cost share/incentive||60-75||animal waste: 20,000 other: 7,500/yr/
|silvicultural and agricultural operations||available|
|Forestry Incentives Program (FIP)||federal||NRCS, KDF||cost share/incentive||50||10,000/federal fiscal yr||minimum production 50 cubic ft/acre/yr; tree planting: 2 acres; minimum site preparation: 5 acres; TSI: 10 acres||$22,000|
|Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)||federal||FSA, NRCS, KDFWR, KDF||cost share/incentive and annual rental||50||50,000/yr||land cover enhancement or protection on eligible land||available|
|Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQUIP)||federal||NRCS, KDFWR||cost share/incentive||75||10,000/yr 50,000/contract||addresses priority resource concerns on agricultural lands||available|
|Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)||federal||NRCS, KDFWR||cost share/incentive and easement||75-100||no limit||wetlands used for crop or forage production: prior converted wetland, farmed wetland, farmed wetland pasture, degraded or manipulated wetland||available|
|Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program (WHIP)||federal||NRCS, KDFWR||cost share/incentive||75||10,000/contract||> 5 acres required in contract||available|
|Quail Unlimited and National Wild Turkey Federation||local||QU/NWTF||cost share/incentive||NA||NA||all landowners||available|
|Local Wildlife Enhancement Projects||local||KDFWR||cost share/incentive||75-100||1,000/yr or total||all landowners||available|
|1All data based on allocations and regulations
as of fall 1999.
2Underlined agencies are those responsible for fund allocation. Other agencies participate as technical providers.
3Key: KDFWR = Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, NRCS = Natural Resources Conservation Service, USFWS = U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, KDF = Kentucky Division of Forestry, KDOC = Kentucky Division of Conservation, FSA = Farm Service Agency, QU = Quail Unlimited, NWTF= National Wild Turkey Federation.