|University of Kentucky||College of Agriculture||Agripedia|
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A cover crop is a crop that is planted without the intention of harvesting to cover land for a growing season instead of leaving it fallow. It is usually grown during the season that a cash crop is not being grown. The cover crop is then usually sprayed with a pesticide and tilled under to prepare for the next crop to be planted.
A cover crop is an important tool in preventing soil erosion, conserving nutrients and provide organic matter for the next crop.