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Draining refers to the act of artificially removing water from land. This is used to reclaim wetlands, prevent erosion and produce more favorable crop growing conditions.
Methods of draining include:
Which system is used depends on soil type, land configuration, amount of water and pattern of rainfall as well as crops to be grown.
For example, high sand and silt soil would use subsurface draining while high clay would use the surface system.
The way that lands responds to these acts of draining is its drainability.