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Performance of Small Grain Varieties in Kentucky
D. A. VanSanford, W. P. Bruening
Department of Plant and Soil Sciences
Small grain production is an important component of Kentucky's agricultural economy. In order to maximize the profitability of small grain production, annual evaluation of wheat and barley varieties is needed to help farmers select varieties with superior agronomic performance and pest resistance. Grain yield and test weight, as well as straw and forage yield are directly related to crop income, but varietal traits, such as plant height, lodging potential, maturity, and disease resistance are also important management-related components of profitability. This variety evaluation project determines the agronomic performance, general adaptability and pest resistance of small grain varieties grown in Kentucky.
2009 Project Description
Experiments in the form of replicated wheat and barley cultivar trials were conducted at seven locations throughout Kentucky. Events in the form of field days were held at several locations. Grower meetings were held in addition to the field days. Services in the form of counseling on variety selection were performed at field days and meetings and throughout the year. All of the events were part of the process of dissemination of wheat cultivar performance data for the purpose of advancing grower and stakeholder knowledge. Educational materials in the form of a printed variety bulletin and downloadable files posted on the variety testing website (http://www.uky.edu/Ag/wheatvarietytest/) were generated.
Outcomes/impacts included change in knowledge of growers and stakeholders in the wheat industry, with a specific focus on knowledge of varietal performance. Changes in actions are anticipated as growers become more informed about disease resistance and other varietal characteristics.
Bruening, B., C. Tutt, S. Swanson, J. Connelley, G. Olson, and D. Van Sanford. 2009. 2009 Kentucky Small Grain Variety Performance Test. KAES progress report 586.