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- Coaching a 4-H poultry judging team (March 27, 2013; 2 PM Eastern)
604 W.P. Garrigus Bldg
Lexington, KY 40546-0215
Judging is a tool used to develop 4-H club members. Participation in judging and other competitive events helps 4-H’ers learn to make and defend decisions and to speak in public. Poultry judging provides an excellent opportunity for 4-H’ers to learn about live birds and the basis of grade and quality of poultry products.
The material used in the development of the 4-H Poultry Judging event comes from the National 4-H Poultry Judging manual available from the University of Nebraska - Lincoln (Pubblication 4H460). The cost is $6.95 each.
Contact info: Cooperative Extension Bulletin Distribution; PO Box 68583-0918; University of Nebraska—Lincoln; Lincoln, NE 68583-0918; Phone: 402-472-9713; Fax: 402-472-0542; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- To develop youth and help them learn the techniques of logical, accurate decision making; to learn to recognize the reasons for their decisions; and to develop the ability to express their reasons orally.
- To help youth learn and understand standards used in poultry and egg production and marketing, and to apply the standards in a realistic decision-making situation.
- To serve as an award activity and trip for youth who have achieved superior levels of performance in competition and thus stimulate the learning process, interest and enthusiasm.
- To help youth with career guidance.
- To promote the poultry industry.
- Each county is eligible to enter 4-H members in the event.
- 4-H members who enroll in or otherwise receive training in a poultry course at the college level or vocational level above high school are not eligible to participate in this event.
- Participants do not have to be enrolled in poultry projects and are not required to have conducted a poultry project in the current year.
- The event will consist of the following three divisions: Production (500 pts.), Market Poultry (500 pts.), and Market Eggs (500 pts.)
- The classes to be judged are listed at the end of this section.
- Placing cards will be provided for all participants. Each participant will write theirplacing on the proper card and hand it to the monitor before shifting to the next class. Pencils will not be provided.
- Teams will be divided so that no two partcipants from a county will be in the same group. Each group will remain together throughout the event.
- Ten minutes will be allowed for placing each class. Also, each participant will have a maximum of two minutes for giving oral reasons on class B. Participants will shift to the next class only upon notification by the event monitor.
- Qualified judges will listen to and score oral reasons on production class. No name, county, or area identification will be worn by the participants in the oral reasons room. Senior division participants will not be allowed to use notes during oral reasons. Junior participants may use notes; however, the notes are to be limited to the front side of the reason card provided.
- A competent committee will be in charge of grading the cards, announcing the results, and presenting the awards.
- Each class of birds and eggs will be graded on the basis of 100 points for a perfect score. Similarly, oral reasons on the production class will be graded on the basis of 100 points for a perfect score.
- If a participant checks more than one placing for any of the production classes, the lowest score will be the one recorded. If nothing is checked, the participant will receive a zero.
- In case tie scores occur, the ties will be broken by the following method in order listed:
- The participant with largest number of 100 scores will win.
- The participant with largest number of the next highest score below 100 will win. If necessary, this method will be continued in the order of descent of scores.
- A method will be decided upon by the event committee
Classes A and B: Egg Production and Reasons
Four hens per class will be judged for past production. The hen that has laid the most eggs to date should be placed first. Hens may be handled. If a participant checks more than one placing, the lowest score will be recorded. All participants will give oral reasons on Class B. Senior division participants will not be allowed to use notes during oral reasons. Junior participants may use notes; however, the notes are to be limited to the front side of the reason card provided.
Classes C, D, and E: Ready-to-Cook Carcasses
There will be one class of broilers, one class of heavy broilers and one class of turkey hens. Each individual carcass is to be classified A, B or C, according to U.S.D.A. Standards for R-T-C Poultry. Carcasses are not to be handled. A six point deduction will be made for each grade line crossed.
Classes F and G: Eggs, Exterior Quality
Two classes of 20 white shelled eggs are to be judged A, B or Dirty based on shape, shell texture and cleanliness. Eggs cannot be handled. Crossing the A-B line is a two point deduction and crossing B-dirty line is a three point deduction for a total of five points per egg.
Classes H and I: Eggs, Interior Quality
Two classes of 20 white shelled eggs are to be candled and placed individually as U.S.D.A. grade AA, A, B or inedible. One point will be deducted for each grade separation crossed except B-inedible line which will be a three point deduction.
Note: Speed King candlers are used in the contest. They are available online at http://www.enasco.com/product/C06372N. - The cost is $292.95
Class J: Eggs, Broken Out
One class of 20 eggs will be broken out and are to be classified AA, A, B or inedible. Eggs cannot be touched or handled. A three point deduction will be made for each grade separation line crossed except when the B-inedible line which is a three point deduction.
Class K is a class of ten (10) broiler parts
Each part is to be identified and the number of the part written in the appropriate square in the front of the part name. The 10 parts will be selected from the 17 listed in the National 4-H Poultry Judging Manual (4-H 92 University of Nebraska), section of Parts Identification as per descriptions in Regulations governing the Voluntary Grading of Poultry Products and Rabbit Products and U.S. Classes Standards and Grades (7 CFR 70) effective date May 1, 1987. Each part will be prominently displayed on a plate, and may NOT be touched or handled.
The Kentucky 4-H Poultry Judging Event is held on the first Friday of the Kentucky State Fair at the Kentucky State Fairgrounds, Louisville, Kentucky. ELECTRONIC REGISTRATION IS COMPLETED THROUGH THE STATE FAIRThe top four senior judges will have the opportunity represent the state of Kentucky at the National 4-H Poultry Conference to be held the third Thursday of November in Louisville. To qualify to represent Kentucky in the national event, a 4-H’er must participate in the state event. An all-star team is selected to represent Kentucky in the national event. Selected participants are required to work with the state specialist to prepare for the national event.
2012 team members:
Kaitlin Lemaster, Lawrence County
Nancy Maynard, Pike County
Makayla Ferrell, Lawrence County
Caroline Clevenger, Lawrence County
Alternate: Cody Phillips, Pike County
2011 team members:
Rachel Jackson, Johnson County
Alexandra Hunter, Johnson County
Celsey Fannin, Carter County
2010 team members:
Joshua Robinett, Lawrence County
Logan Bartley, Pike County
Stephen Burke, Lawrence County
Greg Wood, Calloway County
2009 team members:
Austin Howard, Magoffin County
Seth Sparks, Magoffin County
Kristina Fricker, Calloway County
Gage Caudill, Magoffin County
The 2009 Kentucky Poultry Judging team placed 9th in Production Hens (receiving bronze pins), 3rd in Market Poultry (receiving gold pins), 8th in Market Eggs (receiving bronze pins) and 6th overall (receiving silver pins).
2009 - Gage Caudill placed 4th in Market eggs (receiving a silver pin), and 10th overall (receiving a silver pin and a $100 savings bond)
2008 team members:
2008 - Lindsay Collins from Calloway County placed first in the Market Egg division (receiving a Gold pin and a plaque)
The Kentucky team placed first in 1954 and third in 1989.
Past production hens
Ready-to-cook carcass evaluations
Exterior egg quality
Interior egg quality - candling
Interior egg quality - broken outs
Kentucky 4-H poultry: Poultry judging contest (University of Kentucky)
Kentucky 4-H Poultry: Evaluating egg laying hens (University of Kentucky)
Kentucky 4-H Poultry: Grading ready-to-cook poultry (University of Kentucky)
Kentucky 4-H poultry: Grading eggs (University of Kentucky)
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Adults are often forthright with their concerns about the fairness of contests. In the case study reported here, clients were upset about the Master Showmanship Contest and whether "goat members always win." I predicted that, in a fair contest, winning should be independent of project area and used empirical tests to show that it is. I also measured the perceptions of two additional groups of stakeholders in the contest: youth participants and judges. The results indicate that perceptions can differ drastically from actuality, which has ramifications for 4-H and all areas of Extension work that rely on client input.
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